Nantucket Island “The Faraway Land” as translated from the language of the native Wampanoag tribe is located 30 miles off the south coast of Cape Cod. The island is 14 miles in length and 3 1/2 miles wide. It is a beautiful location with over 40% conservation land and plentiful beaches almost entirely accessible to the public for all to respect and enjoy. Nantucket is rich in history. In 1602, an Englishman named Bartholomew Gosnold first sighted the Island and then it was settled in 1659. In the late 1600s whales were found offshore and between 1750 and 1840, the Island was one of the major whaling ports in North America. With the decline of the whaling industry in the 1880s, Nantucket became a Mecca for the tourism industry and is still drawing people to its natural and everlasting beauty along with its first-rate attractions, accommodations, and restaurants. #ACKLOCAL is the Town’s platform for coordinating and advancing our sustainable practices. Sustainability is how the Town of Nantucket, with a focus on historic preservation, natural resources, hazard mitigation, solid waste management, energy, public health, and education, institutionalizes practices in municipal operations... that support a balance of the economic, environmental, and social health of our island, which meet the needs of current residents and visitors without compromising the ability of future generations to meet evolving needs. The entire island is a historic district designated as a National Historic Landmark, with more than 800 houses still standing that were built before the Civil War. Nantucket also has more properties listed in the National Register of Historic Places - qualifying as totally preserved buildings - than anywhere in Massachusetts including Boston, Plymouth, and Salem. Nantucket is usually 10% cooler than the mainland in the summer and 10% warmer in the winter because of its proximity to the Gulf Stream. The island also gets much less snow than the mainland, usually 8 – 18 inches per year. Nantucket Memorial Airport is the second-busiest commercial airport in Massachusetts. Logan International Airport in Boston is first. Nantucket is easily reachable year-round by ferry boat or plane service. During the busy summer season, the Town encourages visitors to limit bringing their cars over by providing a seasonal shuttle system giving the community an essential transportation option around the Island. There are miles of town-maintained bike paths, town-owned beaches and beautiful harbors for moorings all enhancing the experience on the Island. A highly desirable island community, Nantucket’s year-round population is 14,255 and has an estimated seasonal population greater than 50,000. Its large tax base of $ 24.4 billion assessed valuation is largely residential (89%) and its per capita EQV is $ 1,7,11,680. The Town’s bond rating maintains an Aaa rating level by Moody’s Investor Services The Aaa rating is Moody’s highest rating for a municipality and Nantucket is 1 of 15 (out of 351) cities and towns in Massachusetts to achieve this rating.